Once a fire has broken out within a premises it is of paramount importance that not only are the occupants alerted to the danger but that they can escape the building quickly and safely.
Combat Fire can assist by providing practical advice and solutions to ensure that equipment such as emergency lighting, voice evacuation and fire safety signage is adequate and compliant with the current standards.
Emergency lighting is provided within buildings to enable the safe evacuation of people in an emergency situation when the main power supply fails. The loss of mains electricity could be the result of a fire or a power cut and the normal lighting supplies fail. This may lead to sudden darkness and a possible danger to the occupants, either through physical danger or panic.
The British Standard provides the emergency lighting designer with laid down guide lines which form the general basis for him to work on. British Standard BS 5266: Part 1, 7 and 8 includes in its scope residential hotels, clubs, hospitals, nursing homes, schools and colleges, licensed premises, offices, museums, shops, multi-storey dwellings etc. Although this standard recommends the types and durations of emergency lighting systems relating to each category of premise it should be remembered that the standards are minimum safe standards for the types of premises and that a higher standard may be needed for a particular installation.
How much light does your premises need
BS5266 recommends the provision of a horizontal illumination at floor level on the centre line of a defined escape route (permanently unobstructed) not less than 0.2 lux and 0.5 lux minimum for anti panic areas to exclude 0.5 metre border around the room. In addition, for escape routes of up to 2m wide, 50% of the route width should be lit to a minimum of 0.1 lux. Wider escape routes can be treated as a number of 2m wide bands. The actual degree of illumination should be closely related to the nature of both the premises and its occupants with special consideration being given to old person’s homes, hospitals, crowded areas such as pubs, discos and supermarkets, and to whether or not the premises are residential.
Areas to be covered
There is legislation, guides, British and European standards that require emergency lighting to be installed and the areas it should cover. An emergency escape lighting system should normally cover the following areas:
- each exit door
- escape routes
- intersections of corridors
- outside each final exit and on external escape routes
- emergency escape signs
- stairways so that each flight receives adequate light
- changes in floor level
- windowless rooms and toilet accommodation exceeding 8m2
- firefighting equipment
- fire alarm call points
- equipment that would need to be shut down in an emergency
- lifts and areas in premises greater than 60m2
Combat Fire has experienced Emergency Lighting Engineer’s who can attend your premises and provide a free survey to ensure that your Emergency Lighting system meets the current standards. We will also provide guidance on the service and maintenance of existing lighting to ensure you comply with the latest standards.
Contact us for your free site survey and enjoy peace of mind regarding your Emergency Lighting and evacuation procedures.